Scalp CareAvoid Quarantine Hair Disaster | Avalanche Salon & Spa

Temperatures have dropped, winter is here. Hopefully any snowflakes you see this winter are outside and not on your shoulders!

Dandruff and/or dry scalp are the two primary causes of flakes appearing in your hair. With a dry scalp, your skin is dry and irritated, causing it to flake off. Dandruff is the opposite; the skin is too oily which causes build up of the shed skin cells that flake off. It is imperative to know the root cause of your flakes in order to use the right treatment as they are different in each case. Often times, the treatment for one cause can increase the symptoms of the other cause.

So, how can you tell which is the root cause of your flakes? Let’s take a look at some quick comparisons.

Dry Scalp

Dry scalp is often caused as a result of cold/dry air brought on by change of season or indoor heating/cooling. If your skin is dry elsewhere on your body, arms and legs, your scalp is likely dry too! It can also be the result of contact dermatitis which is a skin reaction to shampoo or other products used on the scalp as well as over-washing. Dry scalp flakes often appear smaller, white, and dry. If you are experiencing a dry scalp, it is recommended that you switch to a moisturizing shampoo, shampoo less frequently, and drink more water. Call Avalanche Salon for product recommendations.


Dandruff is typically related to a skin condition or fungal overgrowth. The two main causes are seborrheic dermatitis (a skin condition that turns skin oily, red, and scaly) and Malassezia (a fungus that lives on the scalp). Dandruff flakes are generally larger, oily flakes that appear yellow or white. If you are experiencing dandruff, it is recommended to use a sulfate-free, paraben-free, dandruff shampoo that contains anti-fungal ingredients. Shampooing more frequently can aid in clearing up dandruff, as it removes the buildup of dead skin cells and can help reduce oil build up. Call Avalanche Salon for product recommendations.

It is important to be aware that skin flakes can also be caused by more serious conditions such as psoriasis or other chronic illnesses or autoimmune diseases. In these cases, it is highly recommended you work with a doctor or dermatologist to handle treatment.

If you have any questions about dry scalp or dandruff and the recommended products, please call Avalanche Salon and Spa at 610-489-2049.